By Donald S. Lopez

A learn of Svātantrika represents a tremendous contribution to our figuring out of Mādhyamika philosophy in India and Tibet. The Mādhyamika is thought of to have subschools, Svātantrika and Prāsaṅgika. The Prāsaṅgika school of Candrakīrti is higher recognized than Svātantrika, partially as the significant Svātantrika texts are preserved purely in Tibetan translation. The Svātantrikas, even if, made vital contributions to Buddhist philosophy of their expositions of the character of truth, the function of reasoning within the means of enlightenment, and of their delineations of the trails to nirvana. The synthesis of Yogācāra and Mādhyamika philosophy through the Svātantrika master Śāntarakṣita represents the ultimate improvement of Buddhist inspiration in India. In Tibet, Svātantrika was the 1st Indian Buddhist tuition to realize foreign money, ahead of the interpretation of the works of Candrakīrti into Tibetan.

In getting ready this Study of Svātantrika, Donald S. Lopez, Jr. consulted the main Indian works of the Svātantrikas, figures vital to the advance of Buddhist notion in India akin to Bhāvaviveka, Jñānagarbha, Śāntarakṣita, and Kamalaśīla, and analyzed a couple of Tibetan expositions of Svātantrika. the result's the main broad exam of this influential college on hand within the West.

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A Study of Svatantrika by Donald S. Lopez

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